How to Build a Sauna by Yourself?

Sauna is quite a complex engineering structure. To get the most out of it, and to avoid any trouble, you should think over at the design stage when planning how to build a sauna.

Selecting a location for a sauna

Sauna is a closed, isolated from the rest of the house room. The material used for its construction must be resistant to air with high temperatures. The sauna can be erected outside the house as a detached building, or to build in one of the rooms inside the house. Depending on the conditions (temperature and humidity) can be a dry sauna, wet steam or herbal.

Build sauna: start with walls and ceiling

The walls and ceiling of the sauna should be made of wood panels with a thickness of at least 12 mm. Most often used for these purposes are Scandinavian spruce, Canadian fir and cedar, which is an ideal material for the sauna. It is important that the tree was as little knots and the minimum amount of resin (to ensure the comfort of the user). Under the wooden panels placed a layer of mineral wool insulation thickness of 45-100 mm. Expanded polystyrene for this purpose is not suitable because it is not resistant to high temperatures. Proper insulation is a very important element of the sauna cabin. It reduces the heating time and saves energy.

You can also build a sauna of solid wood beams. In this case, the mineral wool insulation is not required.

The sauna inside a house doesn’t need to be equipped with an additional moisture barrier. Contrary to popular belief, it is the dry room in the building.

Sauna building advice: a floor

The floor in a sauna should be made of a material resistant to moisture and to high temperatures. This may be facing from terracotta or plastic material. To the floor surface in the sauna was not slippery, you can optionally put its wooden floor grilles.

Wooden items such as outdoor grill should be covered with a special paint (for example, used to impregnate the yacht). Water drainage in the floor must be fitted only in the herbal steam sauna. However, it makes sense to do it in any sauna, because it facilitates the cleaning process.

It must be remembered that the drain hole is not placed under the oven because it will be pulled out of the sewer odors.

How to build sauna: ventilation system

If you plan to build a sauna at home, a shower and a place to relax in a common room, do not forget about ventilation. Errors in the design of the ventilation system can cause dampness Improvement and even the appearance of mildew on the walls. And in extreme situations you can use the overheating elements in saunas. Therefore, it is very important fresh air into the room and the removal of the warm humid outside.

Air must be able to free circulation – keep that in mind when building a home sauna. This can be achieved by constructing the intake and exhaust vents. Furthermore, it must be ensured free circulation of air around the cabin sauna. Therefore, it is necessary to leave a gap between the wall and shower facilities.

Building a sauna: lighting

The light source in the sauna is kept in a frame. This lamp is securely closed hermetic cap, which protects it from moisture. It can be placed behind a special shade. This light creates a soft mood lighting, conducive to a relaxing environment, making the process of stay in the sauna an enjoyable and comfortable.

Special lamps are mounted in the walls more often, at a safe distance from the ceiling – of at least 30 cm. You can place them under shelves. This arrangement creates pleasant mood lighting. It must be remembered that the lighting in the sauna cannot be placed directly over the stove.

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- July 6, 2016

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