Tips on how to make sauna room at home
While seemingly simple, sauna is quite a complex engineering structure. To get the most out of it, and to avoid any trouble, you should think everything over at the design stage.
Selecting a location
Home sauna room will present closed, isolated from the rest of the house premise. The material used for its construction must be resistant to air with high temperatures
The sauna can be erected outside the house as a detached building, or can be build in one of the rooms inside the house. The second option is more common. Depending on the conditions (temperature and humidity) saunas can be dry, wet or herbal.
Walls and ceilings
The walls and ceiling of the sauna should be made of wood panels with a thickness of at least 12 mm. It is important that the tree material has little number of knots and the minimum amount of resin (in order to ensure the user comfort). Under the wooden panels it is necessary to place a layer of mineral wool insulation with a thickness of 45-100 mm.
Expanded polystyrene for this purpose is not suitable, because it is not resistant to high temperatures. Proper insulation is a very important element of the home sauna room. It reduces the heating time and saves energy. Sauna can also be built of solid wood beams. In this case the mineral wool insulation is not required. The saunas do not need to be equipped with an additional moisture barrier.
Home saunas and steam rooms floor should be made of a material resistant to moisture and high temperatures. This may be facing from terracotta or plastic material. You can optionally put wooden floor grilles to the floor surface to make room not slippery.
Wooden items such as outdoor grill should be covered with a special paint. Water drainage in the floor must be fitted only in the herbal steam sauna. However, it makes sense to do it in any sauna, because it facilitates the cleaning process. It must be remembered that the drain hole cannot be placed under the oven, because it will be pulled out of the sewer odors.
If you plan to make the home sauna with a shower and a place to relax in a common room, do not forget about ventilation. Errors in the design of the ventilation system can cause dampness improvement and even the appearance of mildew on the walls. Therefore it is very important to let fresh air into the room and remove warm humid outside.
Air must be able to free circulation. This can be achieved by constructing the intake and exhaust vents. Furthermore, you have to ensure free circulation of air around the cabin sauna. Therefore it is necessary to leave a gap between the wall and shower facilities.
The light source in the sauna shall be kept in a frame like in wet saunas for sale. The lamp should be securely closed with hermetic cap, which protects it from moisture. It can be placed behind a special shade. This light creates a soft mood lighting condusive to a relaxing environment, making the process of stay in the sauna an enjoyable and comfortable.
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